Old Age Health: What is the meaning of old age? We can define it as the following categories. In the year of 2001 policy from the London i.e United Kingdom in the form of the National Service Framework for senior and Older People and their report categorized the three cohorts broadly as:
Age from 60 – 75 years = young old
Age in Between 75 – 85 years = old
And Those 85+ are considered the frail older population
Obtaining this age those people are suffered as physically, mentally and the most are away from social affairs. Mainly the old age started from the age of 60. At that time they have completed their carrier and take retirement from his
services, jobs, etc. At that time they suffered very badly mentally and too much depression will be covered that time. At that time it should main goal is to promote an extended healthy active life with compress morbidity. At that time it is common they have faced a vulnerable position due to health problems e.g. most probably of stroke or dementia, social and additional care needs, or a combination of both. Frailty is often experienced in late old age, so at that time it should be additional care about their needs in mind. In that case, the old ager suffered some common cases as following
1. Cognitive decline
2. Balance issues
3. Oral health problems
4. Heart disease, Hypertension, and Blood Pressure
5. Osteoarthritis or osteoporosis
6. Respiratory diseases
7. Influenza or pneumonia.
8. Vision or hearing loss
We can define the above diseases and their releases
1. Cognitive decline:
While someone memory loss is common as you age and developing Alzheimer’s disease is not at all. It’s very important to recognize the early warning signs of Alzheimer’s are as early as possible otherwise intervention and treatment can be key in slowing the progression of the disease.
2. Balance issues:
Falls are the leading cause of injury among elder persons, and maintaining balance and mobility is key in fall prevention.
3. Oral health problems:
Not all seniors lose their teeth at a glance, but issues like gingivitis that leads to periodontitis for any major, it seems a bacterial infection that affects the gums and bones supporting the teeth can be common in older persons. It is very urgent to take proper oral care and seeing the dentist for a cleaning every six months can help ensure your teeth and gums are as healthy as possible
4. Heart disease:
Heart disease is the leading cause of death for adults over the age of 60/65. Conditions like high blood pressure, hypertension, and high cholesterol must need to be managed properly taking good care of the heart are vital to avoid developing heart disease in your later years.
5. Osteoarthritis or osteoporosis:
It is an authentic report of the National Osteoporosis Foundation reports that around 56 million adults over age 60 have low bone mass or osteoporosis, they are almost all adults over age 60-80 have some form of osteoarthritis. Exercising regularly and eating a healthy diet can be very helpful to protect your bones and joints
6. Respiratory diseases:
It is a very bad practice and suffers old ager for conditions like asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can worsen the older you become. However, It has already some good solutions s there are a variety of medications available that allow you to breathe easier and keep you safe.
7. Influenza or pneumonia:
It is not actually for senior or old ager Infections like the flu or pneumonia but seniors are more vulnerable to them and due to weakened immune systems may be less likely to successfully recover from them and it is very dangerous.
8. Vision or hearing loss:
It is very important to maintaining regular screenings for your vision and most probably hearing is vital as you age. Basis of your Age eye issues like macular degeneration, cataracts, and glaucoma affects millions of older adults, and 53 percent of people who experience hearing loss are 60 or older.
It is highly recommended that the risk for some types of cancer also increases as you age. As an example, women become more at risk for cervical or endometrial cancers, breast cancer, men have a higher risk for prostate cancer. While preventing cancer altogether may not be possible in the last stage but it is easy to screenings to detect certain cancers in the early stages can help effectively treat them.
The physical decline of older age
Maximum physical decline associated with aging should be due to a lack of physical activity. Without regular exercise and yoga, people over the age of 60/65 years can experience a range of health problems including as:
Reduced muscle mass, strength, and physical endurance
Reduced coordination and balance
Reduced joint flexibility and mobility
Reduced cardiovascular and respiratory function
Reduced bone strength
Increased body fat levels
Increased blood pressure
Increased susceptibility of mood disorders such as anxiety and depression very much
Increased risk of various diseases including cardiovascular disease and stroke is the main problem.
Many older people believed that exercise is no longer appropriate in that period. Some common misconceptions that prompt elderly people to abandon physical activity include as follows:
Older people are frail and physically weak.
The human body doesn’t need as much physical activity as it ages sometimes it seems normal but it is not at all.
Exercising is hazardous for older people due to they may injure themselves during practice.
Only vigorous and sustained exercise is of any use the easy and normal exercise cannot do anything for their health.
Other barriers to exercise
Other factors that may contribute to the lack of physical exercise among people over 50-60 years include the following:
Some older people like sedentary activities such as reading and socializing.
The relatively high pricing and cost-effectiveness of some sports may exclude some people at that age.
Many sports and activities tend to attract young adults, so older people may feel unwelcome for it as a result they denied it.
The physical fitness marketplace has failed to include and attract older people and it is the first wrong of them.
Benefits to the older body
Some of the many positive benefits of regular exercise for older people include as follows:
Muscle: the amount as quantity and size of muscle fibers decreases with age. Some studies by specialists suggested that the average body loses around 3.5 kg of lean muscle each and every decade from the middle of age. It seems to be most affected are those of the ‘fast twitch’ (phasic) variety, which governs strength and speedy contraction with no tolerance. The specialist suggested with evidence that these changes are related to a sedentary lifestyle, rather than age and here age is no fact the lifestyle is mandatory. Muscle mass can be increase by regularly exercising for older people for a relatively short period of time.
Bone density begins to decline after the age of 35 but this loss accelerates after the age of 55 years. As a result of this bone loss, elderly peoples are more prone to bone fractures. Exercise may help to reduce the risk of bone loss and osteoporosis, weight-bearing exercise, in particular, helps to keep bones healthy and strong.
Heart and lungs:
Moderate-intensity exercise is most favorable: for example, exercising at about 70% of the individual’s maximum heartbeat rate (220 beats per minute minus (less than) your age). After creation and analysis studies show that cardiorespiratory fitness takes longer to achieve in an older person than a young person, but the physical benefits are similar in between them. Elder people can and able to improve their cardiorespiratory fitness by regular exercise with a time schedule.
The joints of the body, require regular movement, slow movement, and essential movement to remain supple and healthy. In particular people with arthritis get benefit from aerobic and strengthening exercise programs in a scheduled time manner.
Body fat levels
cardiovascular disease and diabetes carrying too much range of diseases by body fat have been associated with. It is true that regular and schedule exercise burns kilojoules and fat increases muscle mass and speeds the metabolism. Together these physiological changes help and get the benefit an elder person and maintain an appropriate weight for their height and build and it is a high priority.
If you are over 45 years, obese, suffer from a chronic illness or related disease, or have been sedentary for some time, it is highly recommended to meet with your doctor or physician before you start a new exercise routine.
Choose activities you find interesting and you are more likely to keep up with an exercise daily routine if it is fun rather than a chore.
Exercise with friends. Make the physical activity an enjoyable social occasion as you can as you’re nearest.
Safe, easy, and comfortable forms of regular exercise include walking, swimming, cycling, and yoga.
Weight training can increase your muscle mass as well as – programs as short as fifth to nine weeks can be beneficial.
Start off slowly and aim for small improvements. Keep tracking of your progress in a training diary for added motivation and follow it regularly.
Check your pulse frequently to make sure you are not overdoing it without any reason.
Choose appropriate clothing and safety gear.
Do not let yourself dehydrate from your end – drink plenty of water as your age limit.
You will find more information and suggestions in the Government’s physical activity guide for older from your countries prescribed doctors: Choose Health: Be Active.
People with chronic illnesses
Some overage and elder people have chronic illnesses created before (such as severe arthritis, osteoporosis or advanced cardiovascular disease, Diabetes, Ajman) that limit their choice of physical activities. In those situations, it’s miles first-rate to seek advice from intently together along with your doctor, physiotherapist, or fitness care expert to plan an exercising application this is healthful and safe. Some habit of exercise, regular exercise, and scheduled screening is used to identify people with medical conditions which may put them at a higher risk of an experiencing a health problem during physical activity. It mentioned that it is a filter to help decide if the effectiveness and potential benefits of exercise outweigh the risks for you. Print a copy of the pre-exercise screening tool and discuss it with your doctor or exercise professional who is already trained and has good experience with it.
Home Safety Tips For Older
Here I share some safety affairs for the elderly. They may be my parents, my relative, my neighbor, my advisor, or any elder person.
1. It is highly important that they are safe in-home as some of the couples are busy in a job or other services, in that case, the elderly live home lonely in that case they should time pass with a growing number of older adults living independently.
2. Keep emergency numbers nearby. All the family members always keep a list of emergency numbers by each phone and it should be written in a big font. Write the useful information in large enough print that the elder can read it easily if you are in a hurry or frightened. Be sure to list numbers for your country basis where some emergency helps are available 24/7
3. Are it is available safety types of equipment in the home and it works properly to avoid any unwanted situation.
4. Their living room is fresh and clean proper light and air are available. Especially the washroom floor is comfortable for their body balance.
5. Keep in their room smooth floors, comfortable footwear, good slippers with rubber, thin-soled shoes that fit well
1. If there is a fire in your home, don’t try to put it out. Leave and call the Fire station number. It is very important to know at least three or two ways to get out of your apartment or home
2. Replace appliances that have fraying or damaged electrical cords
3. Don’t put too many electric cords into one socket or extension cord
4. Install a smoke detector and replace the battery twice a year
5. Never smoke in bed or leave candles burning, even for a short time, in an empty room
6. Make sure heaters are at least 3 feet away from anything that can burn, such as curtains, bedding, or furniture. Completely turn off space heaters when you are going outside or leave the room.
7. Protect against fire and related dangers
8. Avoid bathroom hazards
9. Prevent poisoning
10. Never mix bleach, ammonia, or other cleaning liquids together when you are cleaning. When mixed, cleaning liquids can create deadly gases
11. Protect against abuse
12. Do not let yourself be pressured into making purchases, signing contracts, or making donations.
13. The main thought is it is never rude to wait and discuss the plans with a family member or friend, sharing is very important and essential for each and elderly person.
Thanks & Regards