Abu Hamid Al Ghazali (Rh) Biography:- Imam Ghazali’s name is Muhammad, the nickname is Abu Hamed. His father’s name was also Muhammad. He was born in the district of Tus in the year 450 AH. According to his father’s will, a friend of his, who was a devout friend, and Sufi, poor Muslim’, expressed his inability to arrange for his education and advised him to enroll in a madrasa. He was later admitted to a madrasa and devoted himself to education. বাংলায় পড়তে এখানে ক্লিক করুন
Imam Ghazali (RH) received his education in the Fikhah ( jurisprudence) of the Shafi’i school (Shafi’i Mazhab) from Shaykh Ahmad Ar-Raziqani in his homeland. Then he studied with Imam Abu Nasr Ismaili in Jordan. He then went to Nishapur and was admitted to the madrasa of Imamul Haramayan and in a very short time, he got a prominent seat among his 400 classmates. Eventually, he became a companion (naib) of his famous master, even Imam-ul-Haramayun used to say of him, “Ghazali (RH) is a deep-sea.” After the death of Imamul-Haramayun, he left Nishapur. At that time he was 26 years old, but at that time he was considered to be more distinguished and possessed of perfection than the great ‘Ulama.
After that Imam Ghazali (RH) went to the court of Nizamul-Mulk. Due to his fame and special merit, Nizamul-Mulk accepted him in court with utmost devotion and respect. There were rare gems here. Gathering of wise men. Discussions of knowledge and religious debates were an essential part of the court, majlis, even wedding ceremonies of that time. Imam Ghazali (RA) would have won over everyone in all debates. Due to his incomparable merit, Nizamul-Mulk nominated him as the principal of Nizamiya Madrasa, which was the highest degree of honor and dignity for an ‘Alim in that era. Ghazali was not more than 34 years old at the time.
In 474 AH he entered Baghdad with great pomp and began lecturing at Nizamia. Shortly afterward, word of his teaching, good discourse, and depth of knowledge spread throughout Baghdad. Students-teachers and scholars came to Nizamiya from all around to benefit from his scholarship. His Darus-mahfil became the target of all mankind. About three hundred graduates, hundreds of emirs, and nobles would take part in it. Gradually, his advanced brain and intellect, scholarly virtues, and strong personality made him such an influential figure in Baghdad that he gained the status of one of the leading members of the empire. About him, his contemporary Shaykh Abdul Ghafir Farsi said, “In the face of his pomp and splendor, the Amir-Umara, the Uzair, even the glory of the Khilafah in the court itself faded.” At such a time, in 485 AH, the ‘Abbasi Calipha Muktadi Bilah sent him as his envoy to Malik Shah Salzuki’s Begum Turkan Khatun (who was the ruler of the empire at that time). Caliph Muk ‘Tadi Billah had a special relationship with Imam Ghazali (RA), the successor of Caliph Mustazahir, and was his devoted devotee and devotee. At his direction, Imam Ghazali (RA) wrote a book against the Bateni doctrine and named it ‘Mustajahiri’ in connection with the caliph.
Eleven years of running life and its experience:
The natural claim of this extreme improvement and rise was that Imam Ghazali (RA) would be satisfied with it and in the midst of this circle, he would spend his entire life, as some of his masters have done. But his restless nature and temperament, improved morale, fierce courage could not keep him satisfied and satisfied even at this extreme stage of development. In fact, it was this advanced morale and courage that made him Imam and Hujjatul-Islam. There are few instances in the world of splendor, pomp, the sacrifice of honor and position, and concentration on one’s purpose and attraction to the truth. Imam Ghazali (RA) himself has described the conditions and causes which encouraged and motivated him to take such steps and which pulled him away from the task of teaching. In the end, he left the kingdom of the kingdom of knowledge and went out in search of certain knowledge and transcendental wealth and achieved his goal. He has written about this in his book ‘Al-Munkiju Minaddalal” TO READ MORE CLICK HERE.