Short Biography of Imam Abu Hanifa: Once some women came to the famous Imam Abu Hanifa (RA) with an important question. The question is, is a man allowed to have four wives with one? But what is the reason that a wife cannot take two husbands at once? বাংলায় পড়তে এখানে ক্লিক করুন
Serious question. Imam Abu Hanifa (R) could not answer it at that moment. He came to the inner home. And he raised the question with his witty intelligent daughter. The daughter said, “If you add my name to your name, I can give a satisfactory answer.” The father agreed to her proposal. He said, “I am sending the women to you. You will explain the matter to them.
That’s it. The women came to him. She told them all to bring some milk in a cup in a room. Milk was brought. This time they were asked to pour the milk brought by everyone in another big cup. The women did the same. Everyone’s milk was mixed in a big cup. She said again, this time separate the amount of milk that you have brought.
They said, is it possible? She said, “If that is not possible, then tell me, if a woman has more than one husband and the child is born, what is the way to know which husband’s child she is?”
There is no need to answer this question anymore. The woman said, “We have got the answer to the question.” They were very happy and left, praising the intelligence of Imam Abu Hanifa’s daughter. Imam Abu Hanifa (RA) also added the name of his favorite daughter with his own name from that day onwards. His new name is Abu Hanifa. That is Hanifa’s father. The daughter’s name was Hanifa. The names of fathers and daughters were printed on the page of eternity forever.
The real name of the world-famous Imam Abu Hanifa Rahmatullah is Numan. Father’s name is Sabit. And the title is, Imam Azam – the Imam of the Imams, the best Imam. Not only the Shari’ah and Spiritual but also the knowledge of the Holy Qur’an and Sunnah has been revealed in the light of his sun-like genius. There is no comparison in the world to the skill and expertise he has shown in solving subtle issues and dealing with the most complex issues. This great scholar, who is endowed with rare good fortune, got the direct companionship of the Companions and the best saints. Notable among those who received help were Anas bin Malik, Jaber bin Abdullah bin Rumi, Wasek bin Waraqa Rahmatullah, and others.
Hazrat Zafar Sadeq Rahmatullah was his best friend. Hazrat Fozail Rahmatullah Ibrahim Adham Rahmatullah, Bishar Hafi Rahmatullah, Dawood Tayyi Rahmatullah and other scholars were the teachers of knowledge. And his brilliant disciples in the field of Shari’a are Imam Shafi’i Rahmatullah, Imam Abu Yusuf Rahmatullah and Imam Muhammad Rahmatullah among other astrologers.
It is said that when he came to Pak Rawza, he addressed the Prophet (SA) and said, “Assalamu Alaikum ya Sayyidal Mursalin – O chief of the Prophets, peace be upon you.” Then from (Rawza Murawak) comes the reply, Wa Alaikumus Salamu Ya Imamal Muslimeen – O Imam of the Muslims, peace be upon you too.
The Prophet (SA) himself honored and acknowledged him as the Imam of the Muslims. Where does his dignity go? He had a wonderful dream that one night he was collecting the sacred bones from the Holy Rawza of Rasulullah and separating them from one place to another. Frightened by this dream, he woke up and went to one of the disciples of the famous dreamer Allama Ibn Sabin and asked for the interpretation of the dream. He said, “This dream means that you will gain such wisdom in the knowledge of the Prophet, jurisprudence, and hadith.” without it, you will be the interpreter of those scriptures.” And Allah will give you the power to separate truth from falsehood. Needless to say, this dream is literally fruitful. He dreamed once more, the Prophet Mustafa (SA) addressed him and said, O Abu Hanifa, Allah has created you to keep my Sunnah alive, keep that in mind. Don’t be solitary. He was a vigilant watchman to protect the provisions of the law.
An incident in this regard is certainly noteworthy. At that time the caliph of the Muslim world was Al Mansur. He summoned the chief judge of Baghdad and other ulama(Scholars). They came and appeared. Meanwhile, Caliph Mansur instructed one of his special attendants to write down some lands in the name of each of his companions. He also completed the work as instructed. The caliph then sent the documents through one of his companions to the chief qazi and other scholars for signature as a witness.
First, the chief judge and later the others signed. But Imam Abu Hanifa Rahmatullah crouched down. Without signing, he asked the royal official, where is the caliph now? The employee said he is now in Balakhana. Imam Abu Hanifa said, “Either take me there or tell him to come here.” But the evidence will be correct. The employee said when everyone including the chief judge is signing, why are you objecting unnecessarily? Imam Abu Hanifa (RA) said, knowing that you have no job. Do what I say.
Eventually, the incident reached the ears of the caliph. He called the chief judge and asked, “Did you hear or see it from the time of signing?” the judge replied, “I understand that they were done on your will.” So I did not require attendance. The caliph said, “Your action was not fair.” So I dismissed you from your post.
Then it was decided to appoint one of the four eminent persons as the Chief judge. These are Imam Abu Hanifa, Sufyan, Saraih and Imam Sha’bi. They were summoned to the court. They were coming at the same time. On the way, Imam Abu Hanifa (R) said, “Listen, I will not accept this position in any way. Sufyan, you have moved away.” Pretend Imam Sha’bi is crazy. And take the position in Saraih. Sufian really moved away from his advice. The other three appeared in court.
The caliph first requested Abu Hanifa to accept the post. He said, “I am not an Arab.” Therefore, the chiefs will not want to obey my orders easily. An emir named Zafar Raomaki was present there. He said, what is the relationship of this position with Gail? This time the Imam Abu Hanifa (RA) said, I am not in this position. The proof of this is that what I say is either true or false. If true, then I am not suitable for this position. And if it is a lie, then it is not right to appoint a liar to such a responsible position. Saying this, Abu Hanifa Rahmatullah was released.
Imam Sha’bi took the caliph’s hand and said, “Sir, are you happy?” How is your family? The caliph saw the way he was talking and realized that he must have had a brain disorder. “I’m a lunatic and my brain is extremely weak,” he said. It is not possible for me to do responsible work. Hearing his words, the caliph said, “Get medical treatment.” In the end, Saraih was reinstated as a judge. From then on, Abu Hanifa severed ties with Shariah Rahmatullah. He even stopped talking to him.
The reason for not accepting the post of Qazi(Judge) was that almost all the scholars of that time were independent. Moreover, the Prophet (SA) said: Whoever is chosen as Qazi(Judge) has been killed with a knife. They were terrified because they knew this comment of the Prophet (SA).
The meeting of Imam Abu Hanifa (RA) has started. A few boys were playing ball next to him. Suddenly the ball came once in the middle of the hall. No other boy dared to take it. After a while, a boy took the ball out of the hall without respecting anyone in the meeting. Seeing his behavior, the Imam said, ‘This must be an illegitimate child.’ There is no such thing as shame, then it became known that his words are true. In fact, the boy is an illegitimate child.
The piety of Imam Abu Hanifa (R) is like a legend. Once someone borrowed money from him. One of the disciples of Imam Abu Hanifa (RA) died in the village. Where this person lives who borrowed money. Imam Abu Hanifa (R) went there to perform his Janazah. Then noon. It is very hot and hot. There was no other way for him to save his head except in the shadow of the building of the borrower. But despite everyone’s request, Imam Abu Hanifa Rahmatullah did not go and stand there. He said, ‘The Prophet (SA), said, ‘Do not lend anything to anyone and take any benefit from him.’ Therefore, it would not be right to relax in the shade of his building. Because it will be according to the interest.
Dawood Tayyi Rahmatullah said that even after serving him for twenty long years, he had never seen him sitting empty-headed, openly or secretly, or sitting with his legs spread when he was exhausted. Where there are no people, what if you spread your legs a little? In answer to his question, Imam Abu Hanifa (R) said, I want to maintain etiquette with Allah there too.
He used to offer three hundred rak’ats of nafl prayers every night. One day it came to his ears that a woman was saying to another woman that he offered five hundred rak’ats of nafl prayers every night. From that day onwards he began to perform five hundred rak’ats of nafl prayers. One day, some people were showing him and saying that he performed a thousand rak’ats of nafl prayers every night. From that day on, he really started praying a thousand rak’ats. A few days later, one of his disciples came and said, ‘I hear from people, you spend the whole night in prayer.’ From that day on, Imam Abu Hanifa (R) really started spending the night in Nafl prayers. And from then onwards he used to perform Fajr on Esha’s ablution for thirty consecutive years. What an infinite value he has given to the high conception of man.
One day he saw a naked man in a hammam in the city and closed his eyes. People told him, ‘Since when has your eyesight decreased?’ He immediately replied, ‘Since the day you have forgotten the shame of Tayma.’
One day while going to market, some mud got on his clothes. He immediately went to the river and washed it. Someone said to him, ‘The amount of dirt you have allowed is less than that.’ Not even washing. He said, ‘What I have said is a fatwa.’ And what I did was abstinence. One day the Prophet (SA) said to Hazrat Belal (RA): Never store even half a loaf of bread. But at one point he even stored food for his wives for about a year.
A man was jealous and called Hazrat Osman Rahmatullah a Jew. Imam Abu Hanifa (R) called him one day and said, I will arrange to marry such a Jew to your daughter. He said, ‘Do you want to arrange to marry my daughter to a Jew despite you are a Muslim?’ Imam Abu Hanifa said, ‘Why did the Messenger of Allah, arrange to marry two daughters to a Jew?’ One day he showed a little respect to a rich man for his wealth. But later he repented and finished the Qur’an a thousand times and asked Allah for forgiveness. He followed one more rule. If he faced any difficult problem, he would finish the Holy Qur’an forty times and try to solve it.
The then caliph dreamed at night that when Azrael asked the angel about his life, he pointed to five fingers. Failing to find the interpretation of the dream near various boundaries, he caught Hazrat Abu Hanifa Rahmatullah. He said, ‘Five things indicate five things – which no one knows except Allah.’ They are: